Architectural Graphics by Francis D. K. Ching

By Francis D. K. Ching

The thoroughly up-to-date, illustrated bestseller on architectural photographs with over 500,000 copies sold

Architectural portraits offers quite a lot of uncomplicated photo instruments and methods designers use to speak architectural rules. increasing upon the wealth of illustrations and data that experience made this identify a vintage, this Fourth variation presents extended and up-to-date insurance of drawing fabrics, multiview drawings, paraline drawings, and point of view drawings. additionally new to this variation is the author's targeted incorporation of electronic expertise into his profitable equipment. whereas overlaying crucial drawing ideas, this publication offers: ways to drawing part perspectives of establishing interiors, tools for drawing transformed views, innovations for growing actual coloration and shadows, professional sorts of freehand sketching and diagramming, and masses extra.

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The building section is an orthographic projection of the portion that remains, cast onto a vertical picture plane parallel or coincident with the cutting plane. • Building sections reveal the shape and vertical scale of interior spaces, the impact of window and door openings on these spaces, and the vertical connections between the internal spaces as well as between inside and outside. 04AG IV 4 4/9/02 9:11 AM Page 56 THE SECTION CUT MULTIVIEW DRAWINGS / 57 Building sections should be cut in a continuous manner, parallel to a major set of walls.

Contour lines are the graphic convention we use to convey this information. • A contour line is an imaginary line joining points of equal elevation on a ground surface. For example, a 15' contour line represents every point that is 15' above a given datum or reference point. • One way to visualize contour lines is to imagine that horizontal slices are cut through the land form at regular intervals, the profile of each cut being represented by a contour line. The trajectory of each contour line indicates the shape of the land formation at that elevation.

Finally, we connect the transferred points in the paraline view. 05AG IV 5 4/9/02 9:24 AM Page 80 SPATIAL DEPTH CUES PARALINE DRAWINGS / 81 We can enhance the perceived depth of a paraline drawing by utilizing a hierarchy of line weights to distinguish between spatial edges, planar corners, and surface lines. • Spatial edges are the boundaries of a form separated from the background by some intervening space. • Planar corners are the intersections of two or more planes that are visible to the eye.

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