Architectural Conservation in Europe and the Americas by John H. Stubbs

By John H. Stubbs

The booklet supplies the 1st significant survey in regards to the conservation of cultural history in either Europe and the Americas. Architectural Conservation in Europe and the Americas serves as a handy source for pros, scholars, and somebody attracted to the sector. Following the acclaimed Time venerated, this ebook offers modern perform on a country-by-country and region-by-region foundation, facilitating comparative research of similarities and modifications. The publication stresses strategies in architectural background defense and the contexts within which they have been built.

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Most of the work done immediately after the war focused on saving significant historic buildings that could be restored or rehabilitated relatively easily; extensive rebuilding of collapsed buildings was rare, irrespective of their value. Post-war recovery also required implementing a variety of architectural conservation approaches. Interventions covered the whole spectrum of possibilities, ranging from painstaking anastylosis and restoration to romantic imitation inspired by contemporary architectural fashion.

A b c anastylosis; that is, rebuilding using original materials. Most Roman monuments are not candidates for this method, because their assembly usually requires mortar or concrete. In the mid-twentieth century, the theories of Boito and Giovannoni were joined by those of Cesare Brandi, the founder of Rome’s highly regarded Istituto Centrale del Restauro (Central Institute for Restoration), now the Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro (Higher Institute for Preservation and Restoration).

Viollet-le-Duc’s prolific restoration work in France and voluminous scholarly endeavors quickly spread abroad, where architects, ecclesiastical societies, and government agencies adopted his ideas for restoring, correcting, and improving upon their historic monuments. His approach combined rationalism and creative license and was widely seen as the ideal solution for the treatment of damaged or unfinished historic structures in Western Europe, particularly in Belgium and Netherlands. The contemporaneous Italian and British schools of conservation theory and practice, which advocated more conservative approaches to restoration, served as important counterpoints to “unity of style” ideas.

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