By Barry Buzan
An advent to Strategic reports addresses many of the significant questions that govern either diplomacy and human survival. This booklet offers a entire advent to the center techniques of latest strategic considering. It argues that strategic reviews is ready the impression of army know-how on kinfolk among states, and that its specialized contribution should always be obvious in the broader context of overseas financial and political relations.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Strategic Studies: Military Technology and International Relations
Higher rates of fire, together with improved accuracy, steadily multiplied the killing power of the individual soldier. Advancing knowledge in chemistry, metallurgy, and engineering thenceforth opened the floodgates to enormous increases in firepower. Higher rates of fire were accompanied by longer ranges, greater accuracy, better reliability, and more powerful destructive effects on the target. Machine-guns first appeared in combat use in the American Civil War, and by 1883 were capable of firing up to 650 rounds per minute.
One capable of making large passenger aircraft could also make bombers. One capable of exploring space will be able to make military missiles. And one capable of making nuclear power plants to generate electricity has nearly all the knowledge, material and skill necessary to build nuclear explosives. Even the most distinctively military technologies are just variations on the main themes of whatever knowledge and skill is available to society as a whole. On this basis, it can be argued that any civil industrial society contains a latent military potential.
The technological revolution, in other words, is not a transitory event between two conditions, but a permanent condition in itself (Bull, 1961, pp. 1959). It is irreversably linked to a general advance of human knowledge which shows more signs of accelerating than of slowing down. It is merely one part of a much broader revolution in the material condition of human society. That broader revolution has both challenged and reinforced the state system in a variety of dimensions, of which the military is one.