By Lewis Herman
This regular textual content, now in paperback for the 1st time-- the spouse quantity to Foreign Dialects-- American Dialects bargains consultant dialects of each significant component of the USA. In every one case, a common description and heritage of the dialect is given, through an research of vowel and consonant peculiarities, of its person lilt and rhythm, and of its grammar diversifications. There also are lists of the idioms and idiomatic expressions that distinguish every one dialect and routines utilizing them. American Dialects additionally comprises musical inflection charts and diagrams exhibiting the location of lips, tongue, and breath.
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Additional info for American Dialects: A Manual for Actors, Directors, and Writers
ADVERB MISUSE The most common error in the use of adverbs is to be found in the supplanting of an adverb by an adjective. " DOUBLE NEGATIVES The double negative is a characteristic of all regional dialects. It is common to all speakers, except to the educated. "I ain't never comin' back" is typical. " LIAISON The habit of liaison, or joining of words, is quite common to American speech. Complete phrases are often pronounced so that they sound like one word. ) (why did you ... " (when did you ...
The words "either" and "neither" are generally "iTHUH" 33 The New England Dialect and "nUHTHUH" although these may be replaced by "AAri" (ary) and "nAAri" (nary). Modern New Englanders frequently say "EETHuh" or ''AHiTHuh'' (either), and "nEETHuh" or "nAHiTHuh" (neither). The word "real" is commonly"rAYl:' "EH" .... as in "bet:' "said:' "friend:' etc. Ordinarily, this sound is the same in the New England dialect as it is in General-American. " DRILL WORDS ini yit git (any) (yet) (get) stidi (steady) frin (friend) kitl (kettle) yistUHdi UHgins tchis (yesterday) (against) (chest) EXCEPTION: The word "deaf" is commonly pronounced "di:f:' HISTORICAL VARIATION: The change of "i" for "EH" may also be used for an urban character living in the eighteenth or early nineteenth century.
In the older New England dialect, however, an "i" glide often replaced the "y" as in "fiOO" (few). In an unaccented position the vowel sound was often changed to "i", as in ''AAgimint'' (argument). DRILL WORDS biOOti (beauty) hiOObUt (Hubert) vAli (value) piOOtUH ri:fiOOz skiOOz AkizEHshin dispiOOdid kiOOmilEHt (pewter) (refuse) (excuse) (accusation) (disputed) (accumulate) CHARACTER VARIATION: In a medial stressed syllable, the variant "00" may also be used, as in "UHmOOzin" (amusing) and "knfOOzin" (confusing), particularly if the character lived in the last half of the nineteenth century, or in rural areas in the early twentieth century.