Alvar Aalto Houses by Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen

By Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen

Over the process a profession spanning greater than fifty years, Finnish architect and fashion designer Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) designed approximately 100 single-family homes. Aalto, who's additionally identified for his furnishings and glassware, labored in a special sort that mixed modernism and conventional vernacular structure. Authors Jari and Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen (Finnish summer season homes) current twenty-six of Aalto's cutting edge residences—from small summer season houses and postwar standardized housing to massive housing complexes for business commissions—built among the Nineteen Twenties to the Nineteen Sixties.

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5 inches, due to technical problems and the unavailability of some materials in Estonia in the early 1930s. Thus the proportions and dimensions of the spaces were altered, and room sizes dramatically reduced. 9 Financial problems in Estonia and restrictions for payments abroad also caused delays in the payment of the architect’s salary. Villa Tammekann’s functionalistic appearance incorporates typical features of early international modernism: with its flat roof, simple cubic volume, white stucco walls, horizontal windows, terraces, and balconies, it is reminiscent of Aalto’s design for the chief physician’s house at the Paimio Sanatorium.

56 below The kitchen was designed according to the Frankfurt kitchen principles. 57 right Living room. The tea trolley and armchairs were designed by Aalto in 1936 and exhibited at the Milan Triennial. The floor lamps were custom-made for Aalto’s National Pensions Institute in the late 1950s. The Aalto House Helsinki, Finland 1935–36 In 1933, in the middle of the Depression years, Aino and Alvar Aalto and their two children moved to Helsinki. For the architects the capital offered more work opportunities than the smaller town of Turku.

34 35 Terho Manner House Töysä, Finland 1923–26 The monumental character of the Terho Manner House is reminiscent of nineteenth-century Finnish manor houses, characterized by their symmetrical compositions and outbuildings flanking the courtyards. Engineer Terho Manner was a cousin of Aalto’s mother, who, like Aalto’s father, worked as a surveyor. 4 The project for Manner and his family preceded Aalto’s later house commissions in several ways: Aalto would design the majority of his private houses for relatives or friends, although he sometimes knew his clients from other projects, typically industrial commissions.

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