Allies at Odds? The United States and the European Union by Thomas S. Mowle (auth.)

By Thomas S. Mowle (auth.)

Why, regardless of their comparable targets, do the coverage personal tastes of the eu Union and usa diverge on such a lot of multilateral concerns? to reply to that query, Allies at Odds? completely examines fresh foreign efforts in palms keep watch over, environmental safety, human rights, and army cooperation. proof from 20 separate instances helps the expectancies of the realist method of foreign politics, which specializes in the position of strength specially. Neither cultural elements nor overseas associations have as a lot effect as a few count on. This discovering was once as precise through the Clinton Presidency as through the Bush, indicating that concentrating on personalities overlooks extra immense and longer-lasting variations among the Atlantic allies.

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44 The United States could show restraint by signaling its preference for the status quo and its willingness to deal with others as equals. An example of such is the inclusion of Russia in the G-8 economic club, despite the fact that the Russian economy is not stable enough, 24 A llies at Odds? large enough, nor capitalist enough to have earned membership. 46 Nevertheless, a realist would not expect the United States to accept relative losses willingly as a result of such steps. S. 47 The United States should particularly favor agreements that would tend to reduce the ability of potential challengers to harm the United States.

That leaked document stated: “We must account sufficiently for the interests of the large industrial nations to discourage them from challenging our leadership or seeking to overturn the established political or economic order . . 39 In either case, the realist expects the United States to prefer that other states bandwagon with it rather than balance against it. 40 Implementing “benevolence” is difficult, however, because it conflicts with the realist focus on power and threat. The offensive realist expects the United States to take advantage of opportunities to expand its power when it is able to do so.

If it accepts the agreement, then it will suffer a loss of relative power. On the other hand, if it opposes the agreement, the United States will be defying “world opinion,” increasing the prestige of the EU relative to the United States. This technique of establishing European power as more legitimate than American could pay off in material resources, if other states begin to develop a preference for bandwagoning with the EU in trade and transnational matters. 55 Such an instrumental use of multilateralism would have its limits.

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