Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation by Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz

By Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz

This ebook has been built from a workshop on Technological switch in agriculture and tropical deforestation geared up by way of the heart for overseas Forestry learn and held in Costa Rica in March, 1999. It explores how intensification of agriculture impacts tropical deforestation utilizing case reviews from various realms, utilizing varied agricultural items and applied sciences and in differing demographic occasions and industry stipulations. assistance can also be given on destiny agricultural learn and extension efforts.

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Although this conclusion is based on stylized and unrealistic assumptions, one should not simply discount it, since, to one degree or another, it also applies to the more realistic models presented below. Several of the cases discussed in this book demonstrate that, even though the real world is much more complex, this simple prediction is often borne out in real life. When technological change makes agriculture at the frontier more profitable, deforestation increases. 2. The constrained farm household In the previous subsection, we assumed that no transaction costs keep farmers from trading freely in any market.

To attribute the forest transition solely to Landolt and the 1876 act would be wrong. The passage to a regulated forest economy became possible only after agriculture and the economy in general began to modernize (Schuler, 1984). The establishment of the Swiss Confederation in the mid-19th century marked a milestone in the evolution of the modern nation-state. In Switzerland, as in neighbouring countries, the new state assumed the right to intervene in the management of the forest resource. Individuals such as Landolt had access to the state apparatus, and the corollary was that they were able to privilege ‘scientific-rational’ constructions of the forest and the forest–flood relationship above others.

This raises several issues. Should we use farm-gate or social prices? What prices should we use to value non-market output and inputs? Are the relevant prices those that existed before the technological change or after? g. family and hired labour are perfect substitutes. 8 This model and the corresponding results are taken from Angelsen (1999b). See also Randall and Castle (1985) for a more general treatment of the von Thünen model with two production systems. , 1989). 10 This analysis makes a few simplifying assumptions.

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