Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia by Michael Lynch

By Michael Lynch

The Access to History sequence is the preferred and relied on sequence for AS- and A-level historical past scholars. the recent variations mix all of the strengths of this well-loved sequence with a brand new layout and contours that let all scholars entry to the content material and learn abilities had to in attaining examination luck. This identify attracts on content material from the bestselling titles Reaction and Revolution: Russia, 1894-1924 and Bolshevik and Stalinist Russia, 1918-56. it's been thoroughly revised and up-to-date to compare the 2008 OCR AS specification and is now considering the interval from 1894 to 1941. It starts off with the location in Russia below Tsar Nicholas II after which is going directly to study the motives and results of the 1905 and 1917 revolutions, the Bolshevik fight to realize energy, and the eventual upward thrust of Stalin. The political, fiscal, and social advancements via this era and the results of those are explored and analyzed all through. in the course of the e-book key dates, phrases, and concerns are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and suggestions written by means of an examiner for the OCR specification give you the chance to increase examination talents.

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Sample text

Human history was about to reach its culmination in the revolutionary victory of the proletariat over the bourgeoisie, which would usher in the dictatorship of the proletariat, the prelude to the creation of the perfect society. The attraction of Marx for Russian revolutionaries is easy to understand. His ideas had been known in Russia for some time, but what gave them particular relevance was the ‘great spurt’ of the 1890s (see page 14). This promised to create the industrial conditions in Russia that would make a successful revolution possible.

Key terms Despite the opposition shown by the first two dumas, the tsar made no attempt to dispense with the duma altogether. There were two main reasons for this. The first related to foreign policy. The tsar was keen to project an image of Russia as a democratic nation. He was advised by his Foreign Ministers, who at this time were in trade talks with France and Britain, that Russia’s new commercial allies were considerably impressed by the tsar’s creation of a representative national parliament.

There were several instances of troops disobeying orders to shoot unarmed strikers or to use force to drive peasants from the properties they had occupied. In June there were even worse tidings for the government. The crew of the battleship Prince Potemkin, of the Black Sea naval squadron, mutinied while at sea. The incident began as a protest by the sailors at having to eat rotting food and drink foul water; particular horrors were borsch and putrid, maggot-infested scraps of meat. The sailors elected a representative, Peter Vakulenchuk, to approach the captain with their complaints.

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