By Blendi Kajsiu
Why did Albania get pleasure from probably the most profitable anti-corruption courses and associations in addition to what seemed to be transforming into degrees of corruption through the interval 1998-2005? corruption via a post-structuralist discourse research standpoint this ebook argues that the dominant corruption discourse in Albania served essentially to institute the neoliberal order instead of put off corruption. It did so in 4 interrelated methods. First, blaming each Albanian failure on corruption shunned a severe engagement with the prevailing neoliberal developmental version. moment, the dominant articulation of corruption as abuse of public workplace for personal achieve consigned it to the general public quarter, reworking neoliberal rules of privatisation and increasing markets into anticorruption measures. 3rd, overseas anticorruption campaigns reproduced an uneven courting of dependency among Albania and the overseas associations that monitored it via articulating corruption as inner to the Albanian situation. ultimately, opposed to corruption foreign and native actors may articulate a neoliberal order that was once freed from inner contradictions and entirely appropriate with democratization. As an extraordinary instance of post-structuralist discourse research of corruption this ebook should be helpful for destiny examine on discourses of corruption in different international locations of the zone and past.
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Extra info for A Discourse Analysis of Corruption: Instituting Neoliberalism Against Corruption in Albania 1998-2005
1241). A search for the essence of corruption would focus on its continuity across time and space, ignoring how different political contexts and agendas have produced different understandings of corruption. In order to avoid the above pitfalls, it is important to approach corruption from an anti-essentialist perspective. Instead of trying to identify what corruption is, it is important to explore why corruption is defined or understood in a certain way. ’ The latter question aims to explain corruption in terms of the function it performs within a given paradigm or discourse.
26), ‘the source of official corruption is the same everywhere: large governments with the power to dispense many goodies to different groups’. This meant that to reduce corruption a smaller and a more business-like government was necessary. 34). The anti-corruption campaigns of the World Bank, the IMF, and the OECD could easily serve to institute a neoliberal regime of free trade, less government intervention, privatization, and de-regulation. 21) argued that in order to fight corruption the developing countries should ‘simplify rules and regulations, eliminate monopoly power, and reduce the discretionary authority of public officials’.
After outlining each of them, I will try to spell out in some detail the methodological implication my discourse analysis approach. Hence, this chapter is composed of four parts. In the first part, I explain what I understand by discourse and how this understanding can be applied to the analysis of corruption. In the second part of the chapter, I focus on the signifier as a useful concept in order to analyse corruption from a discourse analysis approach. Here I explain the meaning of 32 A Discourse Analysis of Corruption floating and empty signifiers as the analytical tools that I will use in exploring the development of the concept of corruption in the consequent chapters.